Monday, 8 July 2019

Leprosy is not for the faint-hearted

Disease enters the human body through soil, fruit trees and food. People who bathe in contaminated water, work in mud or water bodies, or use contaminated food and water are at risk of infection.

Leptospirosis bacteria are found in cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents and squirrels. Many of these pathogens have been found in rodents, pets, and foxes. These viruses are more common in rats in Kerala.

The disease is transmitted to humans through the urine and water of infected organisms. Humans can spread the disease by eating stale and unhealthy food and touching the animal's eyes and nose. But it has not been revealed that the disease has passed from one man to another.

Symptoms can occur within about 5-15 days. The first symptoms are fever, headache, muscle pain, trembling, and fatigue. If the heart is affected, chest pain, shortness of breath, kidneys can be reduced, urine volume, blood color, swelling of the feet and face. People with liver disease may have symptoms like jaundice

"Wheel's syndrome" can be very dangerous and can be fatal for a large percentage of people, even if treatment is not given properly. The disease, which begins with the above symptoms, gradually begins to affect other organs. Bleeding, jaundice, and kidney disease are more common in Wheels syndrome. In addition, meningitis, changes in heart rate, low blood pressure and shortness of breath can affect the brain. Infecting more organs increases the risk of illness. Dialysis may be required to treat kidney disease. Leptospirosis reduces platelet count, as seen in many other fevers. This also causes bleeding.

If left untreated and treated, it can severely damage the heart, liver, and kidneys. Do not use food submerged in food until death. The food should be cooked well and the boiling water should be boiled for a minute.

Clean up areas where mice and other animals may be hiding. Rats, like rats, must be taken to kill rats. Elimination is dangerous at this time. Do not leave the house or premises with any flowing water. Children and children in particular are more likely to play in such water.

Preventive measures to prevent the spread of disease are to cover food items, not to throw food waste into the home, and to drink only boiled water. Bleaching powder can be used to kill the contaminants in water. Those who work in the field, work in contact with wastewater, work in meat and hand crafts, should use gloves and boots.

Leptospirosis is more complicated in the elderly and in those who are less resistant to the body. The most common cause of death is complications such as pulmonary haemorrhage, renal failure and myocarditis. Mortality can go up due to severe leptospirosis

Diagnosis is made possible by blood tests. Simultaneous laboratory tests, ECG, ultrasound scan and CT scan may be needed to diagnose complications.

Antibiotics may not be effective after leprosy affects the organs of the body. Penicillin is the most effective antibiotic against rodents. In addition, antibiotics such as doxycycline, ciphalosporins, quinolones, and azithromycin are also effective. Leptospirosis medications are available in all hospitals across the state

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